Vietnamese people consist of 54 ethnic communities. Each group has its own characteristics and ethnical identities which represent for its location and customs. Vietnamese museum of ethnology was constructed with a point to bringing the whole view of 54 sibling groups in Vietnam which is an Asian, small country but friendly, diverse and full of mysteries.
From a museum of ethnology to the recognition of all the world.
The process of constructing Vietnam museum of ethnology was promoted from the 1980s when the economic conditions in Vietnam was extremely difficult in the postwar. In 12/11/1997, the museum was officially opened to the public with the presence of vice president Nguyen Thi Doan and French president, on the occasion of the summit of the French-speaking countries in Hanoi. It is a centre to preserve tangible and intangible cultural heritage of Vietnam. Recently, Tripadvisor and a U.S website on tourism have given the second certificate of excellence to the museum. Additionally, the museum has ranked sixth among the most fascinating museums in Asia. According to national tourism statistics, the Vietnam museum of ethnology is one of the most attractive destinations in Hanoi that attracts a large number of both domestic and foreign visitors. Especially, in 2015, after 15 years of operation, the museum welcomed 3.2 million visitors from all walks of life including foreigners, Vietnamese, scientists, students and so on. It brings together the identities of 54 ethnic groups of Vietnam through thousands exhibits on the display.
The Vietnam museum-a exhibition of traditional custom of 54 ethnic communities.
The Vietnam museum of ethnology covering 4.5 hectares is divided into three main display areas. The first site called the Bronze Drum building displays thousands of artifacts related to the daily life of the people. It is a two-storey building with the display content being designed logically and harmoniously that brings the thorough entire view of ethnic groups’ life by exhibiting precious cultural objects. They are categorized in accordance with different criteria such as funeral, wedding, farming tools, clothing, jewelry, weapon, fishing tools and religion-belief, etc. only by paying a visit here can you see not only paintings, pictures, documentary films but also vivid distinctive cultural features of Vietnamese people. All exhibits here are resurrected lively so that visitors can gain insight into cultures of diverse ethnic groups. In addition, the museum takes artifacts so as to focus on demonstrate the lifestyle as well as activities on a daily basis. By doing that can visitors see the beauty and sophistication of such simple but hidden charming objects. Besides, it is also a place for learners to be immersed themselves in heaps of cultural objects and living quarters of 54 ethnic communities in Vietnam. The introduction of objects is written by three languages Vietnamese, English and French in order for international scientists to do research and gain deeper understanding about cultures, customs and traditional values.
A thrilling exploration of diversified ethnic architecture
Moving on the second part of the museum, it is a green space with about 2 hectares large. Here features architectural style of ethnic groups in Vietnam. If the Bronze Drum building is an indoor space with solid walls and exhibits kept in glass, the outdoor space brings visitors completely different feelings. It is considered as a huge playground because of its decoration and architecture. The charnel house and statues are distinctive features of traditional culture in the mountainous areas such as south central coast. There are a wide range of charnels belonging to Ba Na, H’mong, E De, Gia Rai ethnic groups that have somehow features in common and in difference. Grave statues are a unique type of sculpture in each religion. Both charnels and grave statues are pretty sure to leave visitors strong impression and feelings of vitality religious culture and art of each ethnic group. The highlight of this site is the long house built from big wood pillars. It has two roofs and no livestock is raised below. The stairs are carved with the image of women’s breasts. Everything from the smallest to the biggest ones in the house is made of materials available in the nature. Furthermore, they are always associated with interesting stories and bring meaningful spiritual values to ethnic people. Visiting around the house, visitors would have brief sights of how they live, what each room functions and the religion that they follow. The other part of the outdoor complex that visitors should not miss is the communal house and the traditional house of Ha Nhi ethnic group. They seem to be the attractive highlight right there – in the heart of Hanoi capital.
A paronamic view of South East countries.
The last one is the South East Asian display inaugurated in 2013, after the 6 years of construction. It is the site to enable visitors to have deeper understanding about South East Asian countries through exhibits here. Although it has constructed recently, it attracts heaps of visitors. It is in particular suitable for children and foreigners who long to broaden their horizons about all aspects of life in South East Asian nations.
The Vietnam museum of ethnology is a promising tourist destination with a variety of interesting and exciting exhibits being displayed, which makes a significant contribution to the reservoir of knowledge in the trip to Vietnam. Annually, on the occasion of Tet holiday, the museum holds many activities, especially traditional games, cooking competitions and welcoming spring exhibitions that attract thousands of volunteers and visitors.